Sm–Nd Isochron Age Constraints of Au and Sb Mineralization in Southwestern Guizhou Province, China
Southwestern Guizhou, China, is famous for hosting clusters of Carlin-type Au, Sb, and Hg-Tl deposits. These deposits are thought to be the products of a low-temperature hydrothermal metallogenic event. Calcite and fluorite are common and widespread gangue minerals in Au and Sb deposits, respectively. Ore-related calcite commonly coexists with stibnite, realgar, and orpiment at the periphery of high-grade orebodies in Au deposits, while ore-related fluorite is generally intergrown with stibnite
... grown with stibnite in Sb deposits. In this study, ore-related calcite and fluorite samples from representative Au (Zimudang) and Sb (Dachang) deposits, respectively, were separated, and the rare earth element (REE) concentrations, Sm/Nd isotope ratios, and Sm–Nd isochron ages were analyzed. This study aims to determine the formation ages of the calcite and fluorite and to constrain the age of low-temperature metallogenic event in Southwestern Guizhou. The calcite and fluorite samples contain relatively high total concentrations of REEs (8.21–22.5 μg/g for calcite, 21.7–36.6 μg/g for fluorite), exhibit variable Sm/Nd ratios (0.51–1.01 for calcite, 0.35–0.49 for fluorite), and yield Sm–Nd isochron ages of 148.4 ± 4.8 and 141 ± 20 Ma, respectively. These ages are consistent with the age range constrained by the low-temperature thermochronology of zircon (132–160 Ma), crosscutting relationships of stratigraphy or intrusions (96–160 Ma), and previous dating results (135–150 Ma) in Southwestern Guizhou. Collectively, the ages obtained in this study add new evidence to previous geochronology studies, such that the low-temperature hydrothermal mineralization in Southwestern Guizhou can be constrained to 135–150 Ma, corresponding to the Yanshanian orogeny, which was associated with a weak extensional tectonic environment.