Language Modeling for Code-Switched Data: Challenges and Approaches [article]

Ganji Sreeram, Rohit Sinha
2017 arXiv   pre-print
Lately, the problem of code-switching has gained a lot of attention and has emerged as an active area of research. In bilingual communities, the speakers commonly embed the words and phrases of a non-native language into the syntax of a native language in their day-to-day communications. The code-switching is a global phenomenon among multilingual communities, still very limited acoustic and linguistic resources are available as yet. For developing effective speech based applications, the
more » ... y of the existing language technologies to deal with the code-switched data can not be over emphasized. The code-switching is broadly classified into two modes: inter-sentential and intra-sentential code-switching. In this work, we have studied the intra-sentential problem in the context of code-switching language modeling task. The salient contributions of this paper includes: (i) the creation of Hindi-English code-switching text corpus by crawling a few blogging sites educating about the usage of the Internet (ii) the exploration of the parts-of-speech features towards more effective modeling of Hindi-English code-switched data by the monolingual language model (LM) trained on native (Hindi) language data, and (iii) the proposal of a novel textual factor referred to as the code-switch factor (CS-factor), which allows the LM to predict the code-switching instances. In the context of recognition of the code-switching data, the substantial reduction in the PPL is achieved with the use of POS factors and also the proposed CS-factor provides independent as well as additive gain in the PPL.
arXiv:1711.03541v1 fatcat:3dfdok44jbdprct746vb5h3cxa