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In quantum theory, real degrees of freedom are usually described by operators which are self-adjoint. There are, however, exceptions to the rule. This is because, in infinite dimensional Hilbert spaces, an operator is not necessarily self-adjoint even if its expectation values are real. Instead, the operator may be merely symmetric. Such operators are not diagonalizable - and as a consequence they describe real degrees of freedom which display a form of "unsharpness" or "fuzzyness". Fordoi:10.1103/physrevd.63.024017 fatcat:bkuygdmpkrd4vhcy4jwivhjziy