The Effectiveness of Transversus Abdominis Plane and Quadratus Lumborum Blocks in Acute Postoperative Pain Following Cesarean Section—A Randomized, Single-Blind, Controlled Trial

Michał Borys, Beata Potręć-Studzińska, Paweł Kutnik, Justyna Sysiak-Sławecka, Elżbieta Rypulak, Tomasz Gęca, Anna Kwaśniewska, Mirosław Czuczwar, Paweł Piwowarczyk
2021 International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health  
Acute pain intensity related to cesarean section (CS) may be extensive and is often underestimated. This may influence mothers' quality of life and their children's development. Regional analgesia techniques that include transversus abdominis plane block (TAPB) and quadratus lumborum block (QLB) have proven their efficacy in the postoperative period after CS. Although several randomized controlled studies and one meta-analysis have investigated the utility of TAPB and QLB in the reduction of
more » ... te and chronic pain after CS, only one study directly compared both types of regional blocks and revealed superiority of QLB over TAPB. Our study aimed to reevaluate the effectiveness of transversus TAPB and QLB in controlling acute postoperative pain after CS. We recruited 197 women with singleton pregnancies undergoing CS under spinal anesthesia. The patients were randomized to receive either TAPB or QLB after CS. The acute postoperative pain was evaluated using the visual analog scale (VAS) at 2, 4, 8, 12 and 24 h after the operation. No significant difference in acute postoperative pain intensity between the groups was found. The patients who received TAPB had a higher demand for supplemental morphine injections (p < 0.039). In our study, none of the evaluated regional blocks demonstrated an advantage over the other regarding acute postoperative pain management.
doi:10.3390/ijerph18137034 fatcat:esbbpar52bcrfkoxbw43ajdzry