Differential vineyard fertilizer management based on nutrient,s spatio-temporal variability
Journal of soil science and plant nutrition
Conventionally, vineyard fertilizer management has been based on information from composite soil samples and no account has been taken of the existing spatial variability in soil fertility. This study presents a quantitative analysis of soil phosphorus (P 2 O 5 ) and potassium (K 2 O) content as well as pH carried out in an 80 ha vineyard, during 2011 and 2013 in order to identify their spatial variability and temporal stability. Additionally a quantitative analysis of plant P 2 O 5 and K 2 O
... P 2 O 5 and K 2 O content was carried out in 2013 with the objective of evaluating the spatial variability of plant nutrients. In 2013 a contact sensor was used to survey soil apparent electrical conductivity (EC a ) and an active optical sensor was used to measure the plant Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). The results showed a low potential for implementing site-specific management of phosphorus fertilizer but an interesting potential for implementing site-specific management of potassium fertilizer and pH correction. The concentration of P 2 O 5 and K 2 O in the plant showed a CV<30%, with adequate values in almost the entire area of the field, in contrast to the concentration of these main macronutrients in the topsoil. These results show that for differential nutrient management of vineyards, plant nutrient concentration is a more stable tool than soil nutrients concentration. The EC a and the NDVI presented weak correlations with soil and plant concentration of, , respectively, P 2 O 5 and K 2 O, which shows that further development of vegetation operational sensors is needed to support decision making in the vineyard fertilization management.