Segmentation of bones in medical dual-energy computed tomography volumes using the 3D U-Net

José Carlos González Sánchez, Maria Magnusson, Michael Sandborg, Åsa Carlsson Tedgren, Alexandr Malusek
2020 Physica medica (Testo stampato)  
Deep learning algorithms have improved the speed and quality of segmentation for certain tasks in medical imaging. The aim of this work is to design and evaluate an algorithm capable of segmenting bones in dual-energy CT data sets. A convolutional neural network based on the 3D U-Net architecture was implemented and evaluated using high tube voltage images, mixed images and dual-energy images from 30 patients. The network performed well on all the data sets; the mean Dice coefficient for the
more » ... t data was larger than 0.963. Of special interest is that it performed better on dual-energy CT volumes compared to mixed images that mimicked images taken at 120 kV. The corresponding increase in the Dice coefficient from 0.965 to 0.966 was small since the enhancements were mainly at the edges of the bones. The method can easily be extended to the segmentation of multi-energy CT data.
doi:10.1016/j.ejmp.2019.12.014 pmid:31918376 fatcat:omzes3hdmjfwncth5kefo2tfwm