Is there an association between T102C polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 2A gene and urinary incontinence?

C.H.A. Schwanke, L. Bittencourt, J.A.P. Noronha, S.A.J. Augustin, I.E. Jung, I.B.M. Cruz
2007 Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research  
The regulation of bladder function is influenced by central serotonergic modulation. Several genetic polymorphisms related to serotonin control have been described in the literature. T102C polymorphism of the serotonin receptor 2A gene (5-HT2A) has been shown to be associated with certain diseases such as non-fatal acute myocardial infarction, essential hypertension, and alcoholism. In the present study, we examined the association between 5-HT2A gene polymorphism and urinary incontinence in
more » ... elderly. A case-control study was performed in 298 elderly community dwellers enrolled in the Gravataí-GENESIS Project, Brazil, which studies gene-environmental interactions in aging and age-related diseases. Clinical, physical, biochemical, and molecular analyses were performed on volunteers. 5-HT2A genotyping was determined by PCR-RFLP techniques using the HpaII restriction enzyme. The subjects had a mean age of 68.05 ± 6.35 years (60-100 years), with 16.9% males and 83.1% females. The C allele frequency was 0.494 and the T allele frequency was 0.506. The CC genotype frequency was 21.78%, the CT genotype frequency was 55.24% and the TT genotype frequency was 22.98%. We found an independent significant association between the TT genotype (35.7%) and urinary incontinence (OR = 2.06, 95%CI = 1.16-3.65). Additionally, urinary incontinence was associated with functional dependence and systolic hypertension. The results suggest a possible genetic influence on urinary incontinence involving the serotonergic pathway. Further investigations including urodynamic evaluation will be performed to better explain our findings.
doi:10.1590/s0100-879x2006005000151 pmid:17713649 fatcat:i23cojc5inh5hjurjhbmzkjs6e