NoC-Based Hardware Accelerator for Breakpoint Phylogeny
IEEE transactions on computers
Maximum Parsimony phylogenetic tree reconstruction is based on finding the breakpoint median, given a set of species, and is represented by a bounded edge-weight graph model. This reduces the breakpoint median problem to one of solving multiple instances of the Traveling Salesman Problem (TSP), which is a classical NP-complete problem in graph theory. Exponential time algorithms that apply efficient runtime heuristics, such as branch-and-bound, to dynamically prune the search space are used to
... olve TSP. In this paper, we present the design and performance evaluation of a network-on-chip (NoC)-based implementation for solving TSP under the bounded edge-weight model, as used in the computation of breakpoint phylogeny. Our approach takes advantage of fine-grain parallelism from the multiple processing elements (PEs) and uses efficient NoC architecture for inter-PE communication. To accelerate the application on hardware, our PE design optimizes a particular lower bound calculation operation which typically tends to be the serial bottleneck in computation of a TSP solution. We also explore two representative NoC architectures-mesh and quadtree-and show that the latter is more energy-efficient for this application domain. Experimental results show that this new implementation is able to achieve speedups of up to three orders of magnitude over state-of-the-art multithreaded software implementations.