Gender Identification and Classification of Drosophila melanogaster Flies Using Machine Learning Techniques

Channabasava Chola, J. V. Bibal Benifa, D. S. Guru, Abdullah Y. Muaad, J. Hanumanthappa, Mugahed A. Al-antari, Hussain AlSalman, Abdu H. Gumaei, Osamah Ibrahim Khalaf
2022 Computational and Mathematical Methods in Medicine  
Drosophila melanogaster is an important genetic model organism used extensively in medical and biological studies. About 61% of known human genes have a recognizable match with the genetic code of Drosophila flies, and 50% of fly protein sequences have mammalian analogues. Recently, several investigations have been conducted in Drosophila to study the functions of specific genes exist in the central nervous system, heart, liver, and kidney. The outcomes of the research in Drosophila are also
more » ... d as a unique tool to study human-related diseases. This article presents a novel automated system to classify the gender of Drosophila flies obtained through microscopic images (ventral view). The proposed system takes an image as input and converts it into grayscale illustration to extract the texture features from the image. Then, machine learning (ML) classifiers such as support vector machines (SVM), Naive Bayes (NB), and K -nearest neighbour (KNN) are used to classify the Drosophila as male or female. The proposed model is evaluated using the real microscopic image dataset, and the results show that the accuracy of the KNN is 90%, which is higher than the accuracy of the SVM classifier.
doi:10.1155/2022/4593330 pmid:35069782 pmcid:PMC8776435 fatcat:evarfltgi5fcbiu4u742pq2kpe