Semantic Segmentation In-the-Wild Without Seeing Any Segmentation Examples [article]

Nir Zabari, Yedid Hoshen
2021 arXiv   pre-print
Semantic segmentation is a key computer vision task that has been actively researched for decades. In recent years, supervised methods have reached unprecedented accuracy, however they require many pixel-level annotations for every new class category which is very time-consuming and expensive. Additionally, the ability of current semantic segmentation networks to handle a large number of categories is limited. That means that images containing rare class categories are unlikely to be well
more » ... ted by current methods. In this paper we propose a novel approach for creating semantic segmentation masks for every object, without the need for training segmentation networks or seeing any segmentation masks. Our method takes as input the image-level labels of the class categories present in the image; they can be obtained automatically or manually. We utilize a vision-language embedding model (specifically CLIP) to create a rough segmentation map for each class, using model interpretability methods. We refine the maps using a test-time augmentation technique. The output of this stage provides pixel-level pseudo-labels, instead of the manual pixel-level labels required by supervised methods. Given the pseudo-labels, we utilize single-image segmentation techniques to obtain high-quality output segmentation masks. Our method is shown quantitatively and qualitatively to outperform methods that use a similar amount of supervision. Our results are particularly remarkable for images containing rare categories.
arXiv:2112.03185v1 fatcat:k7tgvamso5frzkhqmxqrjs77am