Functional-semantic characteristics of the discursive formula da net in Russian speech
Vestnik of Saint Petersburg University Language and Literature
The article attempts to analyze the functioning of the colloquial discursive formula da net in everyday Russian speech, which is implemented as an independent indivisible sentence. The discursive formula da net is an integral and frequent element of speech. The analysis was based on transcripts of the corpus of Russian everyday speech "One Speaker's Day", which is one of the most representative linguistic resources for the analysis of Russian oral discourse today. The specific material for the
... nalysis was the user subcorpus, which includes 126 corresponding units in contexts. An appeal to lexicographic practice has shown that descriptions of da net as a whole exist only in dictionary entries for the word net, but not for da. In this case, dictionaries describe net in combination with the particle da (as well as the particles tak and zhe) exclusively as an amplifying particle, which is used to amplify the opposition in complex sentences that have a concessive character or the meaning of opposition. The analysis revealed that da net in our speech realizes its meaning exclusively in context and in contrast to dictionary data, more often expresses a softening rather than an intensification of negation. The data obtained makes it possible to create the "lexicographic portrait" of this unit and can be useful in various aspects, both theoretical (description of the use of the studied units in oral everyday communication) and practical (teaching Russian language to a foreign audience, translation practice, lexicographical practice).