Modern Trends of Ways to Protect Intellectual Property on the Internet
Asian Social Science
Volume of copyright infringement on the Internet increases in arithmetic progression, so the search for legal tools that can provide a high level of protection of copyright on the Internet is a priority. In this paper the aim is to consider some issues of digitized works protection and develop main directions of copyright protection on the Internet. With development of digital technologies and expansion of the Internet, intellectual property has undergone a massive transformation. Copyright
... tion. Copyright legal relationships in real information environment and digital information environment, as demonstrated by the comparative analysis, have significant differences. A huge number of works of science, literature, art, movies, soundtracks, images and computer programmes have become digitized by means of the Internet, which creates a possibility of the user access to unlimited information resources. The Internet is a one-world electronic information space with its attributes-cross-border information exchange, anonymity, self-development, unity and interactivity. This research led to the conclusion that the principle of quasi-free use of any information should be used by users on Internet for personal purposes, including copyright objects placed in the public domain on the Internet. Such model can be legally implemented by establishing a presumed consent by a copyright holder for the use of copyrighted material by users for personal use, if the author or copyright holder has not stated otherwise. A definition of "electronic work" and the concept of "public release" of a work were suggested based on the use of the Internet. The following conclusion is made in the article: a principle of free use of any information on the Internet should be used, including copyright objects placed in the public domain for private purposes, provided that an author or a right holder has not stated otherwise. Whereas the concept of "publication of a work", based on the use of intellectual property on the Internet, should be defined as a publication with the author's consent, regardless of a manufacturing method of copies, provided that such copies have been published in such quantity as to satisfy reasonable needs of users.