Drought, Resilience, and Support for Violence: Household Survey Evidence from DR Congo

Nina von Uexkull, Marco d'Errico, Julius Jackson
2020 Journal of Conflict Resolution  
The effects of climate variability and change on security are debated. While this topic has received considerable attention in both policy circles and academia, the microlevel pathways and conditions under which climatic shocks increase conflict risks are poorly understood. We suggest that household resilience provides one key to understanding these relationships. Using novel household survey data from two conflict-affected regions in Eastern Democratic Republic of the Congo, we study variation
more » ... we study variation in the support for violence related to reported exposure to drought and resilience metrics. Using comprehensive multifaceted objective and subjective indicators of resilience, we find that less resilient respondents who report having experienced drought and associated losses are more likely to be supportive of the use of political violence. In contrast, our findings suggest that there is no general association between reporting drought exposure and support for violence.
doi:10.1177/0022002720923400 fatcat:zjj42co2z5cxvpq2d2mpldq4lm