Different homologous subunits of the amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel are differently regulated by aldosterone

E Lingueglia, S Renard, R Waldmann, N Voilley, G Champigny, H Plass, M Lazdunski, P Barbry
1994 Journal of Biological Chemistry  
Long term regulation of the amiloride-sensitive Na+ channel activity by steroid hormones occurs via de novo protein synthesis. The messenger level of RCNaCh1, previously shown by expression cloning to be a component of this channel, was measured in colons from rats fed with a low sodium diet. After 1 week of this diet, the channel activity was increased in an all-or-none fashion, whereas the level of RCNaCh1 messenger remained constant. A cDNA coding for another subunit of the Na+ channel was
more » ... e Na+ channel was obtained by polymerase chain reaction. The 650-amino acid protein, entitled RCNaCh2, is 58% homologous to RCNaCh1 and displays a similar structure. It had no intrinsic activity when expressed alone in Xenopus oocytes, but its co-expression with RCNaCh1 increased the channel activity 18 +/- 5-fold. The increase in messenger level for RCNaCh2 during the time course of the diet is likely to explain the positive regulation of the rat colon Na+ channel by steroids. Immunocytochemical localization of the RCNaCh1 subunit revealed an apical labeling in colon from sodium-depleted rats. No labeling was observed in colon from control animals. These results suggest that oligomerization is needed for the proper expression of RCNaCh1 at the cell surface.
pmid:8188647 fatcat:nc65z4b3jfcxhfu5s6g2lullbq