Effects of Ischemic preconditioning on the Post-ischemic Myocardial Dysfunction and Coronary Flow in the Isolated Rat Hearts

Woo Hyuk Song, Seung Jin Lee, Byung Hoe Kim, Eun Mi Lee, Kyo Seung Hwang, Jung Chun Ahn, Do Sun Lim, Chang Kyu Park, Hong Seok Seo, Wan Joo Shim, Dong Joo Oh, Young Moo Ro
1998 Korean Circulation Journal  
Brief episodic ischemias prior to subsequent prolonged ischemia limit infarct size and attenuate the reperfusion arrythmia. But the effect of ischemic preconditioning on post-ischemic myocardial dysfunction, coronary flow and nitric oxide NO remains unclear. Method To investigate the effect of ischemic preconditioning on myocardial function and coronary flow during reperfusion after 15 minutes of global myocardial ischemia, 30 isolated hearts of Sprague-Dowley rats were perfused under constant
more » ... sed under constant pressure. Two episodes of three minute global ischemia followed by 12 minutes of reflow were employed to precondition the hearts. The hearts were randomized to one of three groups group had no preconditioning, group had preconditioning, and group had preconditioning as well as L-arginine pretreatment. Left ventricular developed pressure LVDP , LV dp dt, perfused coronary flow, concentration of NO and heart rate were continuously measured. Result In preconditioned groups Group , Group , LVDP decreased during reflow and was lower than that of the control group. LV dp dt decreased after reflow and gradually recovered with time, but recovery was less in preconditioning groups. Coronary flow increased in the first few minutes after reflow in all groups, but decreased gradually. The decrease of coronary flow was greater in preconditioning groups. NO increased during the first 10 minutes after reflow and then decreased. In preconditioned groups, NO tended to be lower than that in the non-preconditioned group. 교신저자
doi:10.4070/kcj.1998.28.2.269 fatcat:ksngnlqywjcozpcdeb4odplioe