AISI 316-L paslanmaz çeliğin yüzey işlemlerinde termo-kimyasal elektrolitik plazma teknolojisinin uygulanması

Levent Cenk KUMRUOĞLU, Ahmet OZEL
2021 Gazi Üniversitesi Mühendislik-Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi  
Thermo-chemical saturation process was performed on 316L by plasma electrolysis  Surfaces consist of phases containing N, C and O, and the diffusion distance and hardness increased by duration  Fe3O4 and noncytochiometric iron nitride (FeN0.076), chromium nitride phases were formed on the surfacace Electrolytic plasma diffusion processes were carried out for 316 L stainless steel substrates using different solutions. Interstitial elements (N and C) containing salts were used as electrolytes
more » ... dissolving them in pure water to improve surface properties. Two different electrolytes were created. The first electrolyte is H2N-CO-NH2, the second is NH4NO3. High energy plasma was created by applying 300 V and higher voltage at the electrolyte / 316 L interface. N and C elements ionized in high energy plasma diffused to 316 L surface. Figure A. Thermo-chemical electrolysis plasma saturation process Purpose: Thermo-chemical surface ion doping process are examined by high energy plasma electrolysis technique which contains the interstitial elements in electrolyte. Urea and ammonium nitrate containing electrolyte are examined. Theory and Methods: In electrolytic plasma treatment, an electrolyte is contacted on the metallic sample. If the sample cathode, hydrogen plasma on the surface and ionized forms of the elements contained in the electrolyte diffuse into the sample lattice in gaseous state. In this way, phases such as FeN and FeC are formed on the surface. Results: In experiments with the NH4NO3 electrolyte, the highest hardness increased up to 550 HV. According to XRD analysis, Fe3O4 chemical form about 3-4 µm thick magnetite iron oxide and non-cytochiometric iron nitride (FeN0.076) and chromium nitride phases were formed on the surface. There is diffusion of oxygen and nitrogen elements on the surface and the nitrogen concentration has reached 1% by weight. Conclusion: By using electrolytes containing urea and ammonium nitrate, thermo-chemical saturation process was performed by plasma electrolysis, and metal oxy-nitride phases were formed on the surface in the form of thin film and the surface hardness of 316L stainless steel was increased.
doi:10.17341/gazimmfd.873709 fatcat:m3vowcdg3rexbbq5mklpq5iru4