This bottom-up labor is not limited to the offline existence of the 'real world.' On the contrary: it often transcends the binary of representation and resistance altogether. Nevertheless, the elements by which representation comes to be constituted as resistance -the platforms and nodes of hacktivist telecommunication -are themselves embedded in social relations which are as conducive to resistance as reproductive to the very fault lines to be resisted. In her article We are all anonymous:
... nd hacktivist stereotypes, Emma Stamm analyses the twofaced reality of hacktivism. Who is hacking the peer2peer networks' interfaces? Are the interfaces of peers networking with peers all of the same kind? By whom and to what end is 'the hacker' represented? Why are mainstream media depictions exploited for the lulz, and who is laughing when nerd cultures and Gamergates perpetuate casual racism and sexism? Online or offline, in cultural cohesion or social movement, as digital signature or fleshed-out wetware, as labor power or intellectual entrepreneur, the individual is project and subject, node and focus of representation and appropriation, of reductionism and resistance. Amiel Bernal intervenes in this discourse, arguing that one must see the Individual as Ideology: moral praise and blame, individual courage and acquiescence are equally problematic categories when representing the social, political, ethical, and cultural manifestations of resistance. Yet, Bernal also cautions against simply turning one's back to individualism: in the fiercest rejections of individualism, one finds the all too familiar face of individuality reappearing, refusing to vanish like faces drawn on shorelines. Concluding with a reflection on Philopoiesis, Resistance, and Resilience, a version of his remarks made as keynote at the 2015 ASPECT Graduate Conference, Samson Opondo engages a multiplicity of philosophical and literary sources to show sites of resistance in colonial and ethnological representations. Philopoiesis, a zone of indistinction between philosophy and literature -modes of representation, modes of resistance against representation -shows what lurks in the shadows of the margins of Euro-American philosophy and literature: the monster, the hybrid, the arriving stranger, the resilient resistance of never-assimilated remainders in representation and against representation. Yet, it is time to close this introduction; the authors assembled in this issue need no representation and will rightfully resist representation. The forum is theirs to represent resistance and resist representation.