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Colloidal Monolayer Trapped near a Charged Wall: A Synchrotron X-Ray Diffraction Study
Physical Review Letters
Using x-ray diffraction from microfluidic channel arrays, we have determined concentration profiles of charge-stabilized silica colloids (radius 60 AE 2 nm) confined between two like-charged dielectric walls at a few hundred nanometer distance. In solutions of very low ionic strength, strongly repulsive Coulomb interactions drive the colloids toward the central region between the walls. The addition of a small quantity of salt ions (0.2 mM) causes a dense colloidal monolayer to be trapped near the walls.doi:10.1103/physrevlett.101.136103 pmid:18851466 fatcat:afplku3wjnax7auunbyiiw6kzq