Effects of dietary chromium supplementation on performance, carcass characteristics, and meat quality of growing-finishing swine: A meta-analysis1

J. Sales, F. Jančík
2011 Journal of Animal Science  
Dietary Cr supplementation has potential to decrease fat and increase lean in carcasses of growing-finishing swine. However, effects of Cr supplementation on performance and economically important carcass and meat quality characteristics varied considerably among studies. Therefore, a meta-analysis was designed to quantitatively describe effects obtained in several independent studies. To accommodate differences in methodology among studies, standardized effect sizes (Hedges's g) were
more » ... for results from 31 studies, in which Cr was supplemented as complexes of Cr Met chelate, Cr nanocomposite, Cr nicotinate, Cr propionate, Cr tripicolinate, or Cr yeast in diets for growing-finishing swine. Summary statistics were calculated by frequentist fixed and random effects, and hierarchical Bayesian models. With characteristics related to carcass quality, observed heterogeneity (P < 0.10) could not adequately be explained in a meta-regression by differences in initial BW and amount of Cr supple-mented. Random effects and Bayesian models to summarize effect sizes for these characteristics showed similar results. According to random effects models, dietary Cr supplementation decreased (P < 0.05) 10th-rib fat thickness (mean effect size = −0.479; 95% confidence intervals = −0.680 to −0.279; 24 studies; 59 comparisons), whereas percentage carcass lean (mean effect size = 0.614; 95% confidence intervals = 0.366 to 0.863; 22 studies; 52 comparisons) and LM area (mean effect size = 0.571; 95% confidence intervals = 0.364 to 0.778; 29 studies; 72 comparisons) increased. Average daily gain and G:F, which did not present heterogeneity, were improved by Cr supplementation, whereas no effects were detected in characteristics (CIE color, drip loss, cook loss, shear force) related to meat quality. Some publication, or other small-study bias, was evident in results on growth and feed efficiency. However, directions of mean effect sizes were not changed by application of the trim-and-fill method to correct for bias.
doi:10.2527/jas.2010-3495 pmid:21788425 fatcat:vls4b6fr4barrgvgzkgdb7ywci