Elevated phosphate mediates extensive cellular toxicity: from abnormal proliferation to cell death [article]

Ping He, Olivia Mann-Collura, Jacob Fling, Naga Edara, Mohammed S. Razzaque
2020 bioRxiv   pre-print
Inorganic phosphate (Pi) is an essential nutrient for human health. Due to our change in dietary pattern, dietary Pi overload engenders systematic phosphotoxicity, including excessive Pi related vascular calcification and chronic tissue injury. The molecular mechanisms of the seemingly distinct phenotypes remain elusive. In this study, we found that Pi directly mediates diverse cellular toxicity in a dose-dependent manner on a cell-based model. At moderately higher than physiological level,
more » ... ological level, extracellular Pi promotes cell proliferation by activating AKT and extracellular signal-regulated kinase 1/2 (ERK1/2) cascades. By introducing additional Pi, we observed significant cell damage caused by the interwoven Pi related biological processes, including activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) signaling, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) and apoptosis. Taken together, elevated extracellular Pi results in a broad spectrum of toxicity by rewiring complicated signaling networks that control cell growth, cell death, ER stress, and cell mobility.
doi:10.1101/2020.01.02.892638 fatcat:gsrnxfseajd4dexr2bcbm7huz4