Etyka hipokratejska wobec innych nurtów etyki medycznej
Ethics of Hippocrates Versus Other Medical Ethics

Tadeusz Biesaga
2019 Seminare Poszukiwania naukowe  
The contemporary medical ethics is developing under the influence of various philosophical trends. Among the most important elaborations of this ethics the following three propositions are usually given special attention: (1) the ethics of the good of the patient related to the virtue ethics proposed by an American physician Edmund D. Pellegrino, (2) the ethics of the four principles of Tom Beauchamp and James Childress, called principlism, and (3) contractualism of Robert M. Veatch that
more » ... Veatch that appeals to the idea of a social contract. What unites those propositions is the fact that they were all developed by doctors, philosophers and scientists of the same bioethical center in the USA, the Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University in Washington. What makes them different are the philosophical assumptions, consciously and unconsciously adopted by their creators at the moment of laying the groundwork of those ethical systems. The paper, apart from recalling the strengths and weaknesses of the three proposals of medical ethics and revealing which of them is close to the ethics of Hippocrates, also aims at answering two questions, namely, whether the ethics of Hippocrates is still valid, and whether medical ethics can be developed without taking into account the philosophy of man and metaphysics together with the philosophy of God? The paper gives a positive answer to the first question, indicating what should be changed and developed in the ethics of Hippocrates. On the other hand, the author provides arguments justifying a negative answer to the second question by claiming that medical ethics built without metaphysical and anthropological foundations does not meet the criteria of ethics justified on the grounds of philosophy. Abstrakt Współcześnie etyka medyczna rozwija się pod wpływem różnych nurtów filozoficznych. Spośród ważniejszych opracowań tej etyki wyróżniają się trzy następujące propozycje: (1) etyka dobra pacjenta związana z etyką cnót zaproponowana przez amerykańskiego lekarza Edmunda D. Pellegrino, (2) etyka czterech zasad Toma Beauchampa i Jamesa Childressa zwana pryncypizmem oraz 1 Ks. prof. dr hab. Tadeusz Biesaga SDB, etyk, bioetyk, kierownik Katedry Bioetyki na Wydziale Filozoficznym UPJPII w Krakowie.
doi:10.21852/sem.2019.2.03 fatcat:by5sibrh4fczrcefdhkplyv2xy