Evaluating the Quality of RDF Data Sets on Common Vocabularies in the Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences [article]

Thomas Hartmann, Benjamin Zapilko, Joachim Wackerow, Kai Eckert
2015 arXiv   pre-print
From 2012 to 2015 together with other Linked Data community members and experts from the social, behavioral, and economic sciences (SBE), we developed diverse vocabularies to represent SBE metadata and tabular data in RDF. The DDI-RDF Discovery Vocabulary (DDI-RDF) is designed to support the dissemination, management, and reuse of unit-record data, i.e., data about individuals, households, and businesses, collected in form of responses to studies and archived for research purposes. The RDF Data
more » ... Cube Vocabulary (QB) is a W3C recommendation for expressing data cubes, i.e. multi-dimensional aggregate data and its metadata. Physical Data Description (PHDD) is a vocabulary to model data in rectangular format, i.e., tabular data. The data could either be represented in records with character-separated values (CSV) or fixed length. The Simple Knowledge Organization System (SKOS) is a vocabulary to build knowledge organization systems such as thesauri, classification schemes, and taxonomies. XKOS is a SKOS extension to describe formal statistical classifications. To ensure high quality of and trust in both metadata and data, their representation in RDF must satisfy certain criteria - specified in terms of RDF constraints. In this paper, we evaluate the data quality of 15,694 data sets (4.26 billion triples) of research data for the social, behavioral, and economic sciences obtained from 33 SPARQL endpoints. We checked 115 constraints on three different and representative SBE vocabularies (DDI-RDF, QB, and SKOS) by means of the RDF Validator, a validation environment which is available at http://purl.org/net/rdfval-demo.
arXiv:1504.04478v2 fatcat:hodwhv7i4zcvlou7xski44fily