Neurotrophins in Chronic Allergic Airway Inflammation and Remodeling [chapter]

Harald Renz, Ayse Kiliç
2012 Chemical Immunology  
Allergic asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease characterized by the production of allergenspecific IgE antibodies, TH2 inflammation, airway hyperresponsiveness and airway remodeling. Airway remodeling represents the disease-limiting stage during disease progression, and the underlying cellular molecular network resulting in airway remodeling are still poorly defined. In addition to the well-established TH2-dependent inflammatory response, several lines of investigation reveal that this
more » ... eal that this regulation in the peripheral central nervous system contributes to disease development, exacerbation and progression. Several members of the neurotrophin family (e.g. nerve growth factor, brain-derived neurotrophic factor) are important transmitters of signals between the immune and the nervous system. Recent data indicate that NGF contributes to the development of airway remodeling in an inflammation and TGF-independent manner. These and other data open the opportunity to therapeutically interfere also on this level of regulation as a novel approach.
doi:10.1159/000336504 pmid:22767060 fatcat:eu6eg5bzircsrhogbstgn6ln3y