Dlx5 Represses the Transcriptional Activity of PPARγ

Chae Yul Kim, Dong Hyeok Cho, Dong Jin Chung, Sung Ho Lee, Younho Han, Kwang Youl Lee
2021 Biological and Pharmaceutical Bulletin  
Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor gamma (PPARγ) is a master transcription factor in adipocyte differentiation, while distal-less homeobox 5 (Dlx5) is essential for initiating osteoblast differentiation by driving Runt-related transcription factor 2 expression. Considering that adipocytes and osteoblasts share common progenitors, there is a reciprocal correlation between bone and fat formation. However, the mechanism by which Dlx5 controls PPARγ remains unclear. We elucidated that Dlx5
more » ... hysically binds to PPARγ during immunoprecipitation; in particular, the ligand-binding and DNA-binding domains of PPARγ were involved in the interaction. Transcriptional activity of PPARγ was significantly decreased by Dlx5 overexpression, whereas the opposite results were detected with Dlx5 knockdown. Rosiglitazone, a PPARγ agonist, further enhanced the PPARγ-induced transcriptional activity; however, Dlx5 overexpression effectively repressed the rosiglitazone-mediated increase in activity. Finally, DNA-binding affinity assay revealed that Dlx5 interrupts the interaction of PPARγ with the PPARγ response element promoter. In conclusion, our findings indicate that Dlx5 impedes PPARγ-induced activity, and it may be useful for managing diabetes drug-mediated obesity.
doi:10.1248/bpb.b21-00245 pmid:34471058 fatcat:ljtstv7ojvcq5njwdc474keksa