Developmental increases in white matter network controllability support a growing diversity of brain dynamics

Evelyn Tang, Chad Giusti, Graham L. Baum, Shi Gu, Eli Pollock, Ari E. Kahn, David R. Roalf, Tyler M. Moore, Kosha Ruparel, Ruben C. Gur, Raquel E. Gur, Theodore D. Satterthwaite (+1 others)
2017 Nature Communications  
As the human brain develops, it increasingly supports coordinated control of neural activity. The mechanism by which white matter evolves to support this coordination is not well understood. We use a network representation of diffusion imaging data from 882 youth ages 8 to 22 to show that white matter connectivity becomes increasingly optimized for a diverse range of predicted dynamics in development. Notably, stable controllers in subcortical areas are negatively related to cognitive
more » ... e. Investigating structural mechanisms supporting these changes, we simulate network evolution with a set of growth rules. We find that all brain networks are structured in a manner highly optimized for network control, with distinct control mechanisms predicted in child versus older youth. We demonstrate that our results cannot be simply explained by changes in network modularity. This work reveals a possible mechanism of human brain development that preferentially optimizes dynamic network control over static network architecture.
doi:10.1038/s41467-017-01254-4 pmid:29093441 pmcid:PMC5665937 fatcat:echxtaar2rablfmcotiq5jhqly