Mapping Cortical Thickness of the Patients with Unilateral End-Stage Open Angle Glaucoma on Planar Cerebral Cortex Maps

Piotr Bogorodzki, Ewa Piątkowska-Janko, Jerzy Szaflik, Jacek Paweł Szaflik, Mira Gacek, Paweł Grieb, Maurice Ptito
2014 PLoS ONE  
Purpose: To estimate and compare cerebral cortex thickness in patients with unilateral end-stage glaucoma with that of age-matched individuals with unaffected vision. Methods: 14 patients with unilateral end-stage primary open angle glaucoma (POAG) and 12 age-matched control individuals with no problems with vision were selected for the study based on detailed ophthalmic examination. For each participant 3D high-resolution structural brain T1-weighted magnetization prepared MR images were
more » ... ed on a 3.0 T scanner. Brain cortex thickness was estimated using the FreeSurfer image analysis environment. After warping of subjects' cortical surfaces to FreeSurfer common space, differences between POAG and control groups were inferred at the group analysis level with the General Linear Model. Results: The analysis performed revealed local thinning in the visual cortex areas in the POAG group. Statistically significant differences form 600 mm 2 clusters located in the Brodmann area BA19 in the left and right hemisphere. Conclusion: Unilateral vision loss due to end-stage neuropathy from POAG is associated with significant thinning of cortical areas employed in vision.
doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0093682 pmid:24709970 pmcid:PMC3977872 fatcat:ddvkunenkfhehntujw5y6aoq64