A study of relationships among instructional style (open vs. non-open), architectural design (open space vs. non-open space) and measures of self concept and reading and mathematics achievement of third grade children

Ann Lukasevich
1976
The purpose of this study was to investigate the relationship between instructional style, architectural design, and selected cognitive and affective outcomes of third grade children. A total of 321 subjects who had been taught for two or more years in either self-contained classrooms or open space classrooms in an instructional program which could be classified by the DISC teacher questionnaire as open or nonopen were examined in this study. This classification of subjects according to program
more » ... ccording to program and facility, resulted in four sub-groupings allowing a 2X2 design to be utilized to investigate main effects and interaction of program and facility on measures of achievement and self-concept. The measures of achievement used were four subtests of the Canadian Tests of Basic Skills, and the measures of self-concept used were nine subtests of the Sears Self-Concept Inventory. In addition, the interaction of these same school factors and the three individual difference variables - intelligence, socio-economic status, and sex -on these same measures was studied. In order to adjust for possible pre-existing differences among the subjects, the same three individual difference variables were used as covariates in the data analysis. Scores for the Canadian Cognitive Abilities Test were used as the measure of intelligence, and scores for Blishen's Socio-Economic Index were used as the measure of socio-economic status. Thirteen separate stepwise regression analyses were performed to test for significant differences between program and facility groups, and their interaction with each other and with sources of individual differences. A total of seven null hypotheses were tested, two pertaining to main effects, and five pertaining to interaction. The results of the analyses revealed significant differences at the .05 level between the groups being studied in the case of five of the thirteen variables studied. In summary, these findings showed the following results: 1 . That type of facility and type of program appeared to be unr [...]
doi:10.14288/1.0055683 fatcat:3aq33qja3vc6pow2fxza3npmdi