Oceanic Response to Tropical Cyclone Gonu (2007) in the Gulf of Oman and the Northern Arabian Sea: Estimating Depth of the Mixed Layer Using Satellite SST and Climatological Data

Kamran Koohestani, Mohammad Nabi Allahdadi, Nazanin Chaichitehrani
2021 Journal of Marine Science and Engineering  
The category 5-equivalent tropical Cyclone Gonu (2007) was the strongest cyclone to enter the northern Arabian Sea and Gulf of Oman. The impact of this cyclone on the sea surface temperature (SST) cooling and deepening of the mixed layer was investigated herein using an optimally interpolated (OI) cloud-free sea surface temperature (SST) dataset, climatological profiles of water temperature, and data from Argo profilers. SST data showed a maximum cooling of 1.7–6.5 °C during 1–7 June 2007 over
more » ... he study area, which is similar to that of slow- to medium-moving cyclones in previous studies. The oceanic heat budget equation with the assumptions of the dominant turbulent mixing effect was used to establish relationships between SST and mixed layer depth (MLD) for regions that were directly affected by cyclone-induced turbulent mixing. The relationships were applied to the SST maps from satellite to obtain maps of MLD for 1–7 June, when Gonu was over the study area. Comparing with the measured MLD from Argo data showed that this approach estimated the MLDs with an average error of 15%, which is an acceptable amount considering the convenience of this approach in estimating MLD and the simplifications applied in the heat budget equation. Some inconsistencies in calculating MLD were attributed to use of climatological temperature profiles that may not have appropriately represented the pre-cyclone conditions due to pre-existing cold/warm core eddies. Estimation of the diapycnal diffusion that quantified the turbulent mixing across the water column showed consistent temporal and spatial variations with the calculated MLDs.
doi:10.3390/jmse9111244 fatcat:7qh5nkmeivgwrhu2ynukkcylke