CONSTRAINING THE PREFERRED-FRAME α1, α2PARAMETERS FROM SOLAR SYSTEM PLANETARY PRECESSIONS

L. IORIO
2014 International Journal of Modern Physics D  
Analytical expressions for the orbital precessions affecting the relative motion of the components of a local binary system induced by Lorentz-violating Preferred Frame Effects (PFE) are explicitly computed in terms of the PPN parameters α_1, α_2. A linear combination of the supplementary perihelion precessions of all the inner planets of the Solar System, able to remove the a-priori bias of unmodelled/mismodelled standard effects such as the general relativistic Lense-Thirring precessions and
more » ... he classical rates due to the Sun's oblateness J_2, allows to infer |α_1| ≤ 6× 10^-6, |α_2| ≤ 3.5× 10^-5. Such bounds should be improved in the near future after processing the data that are being collected by the MESSENGER spacecraft, currently orbiting Mercury. Further improvements may come in the mid-future from the approved BepiColombo mission to Mercury. The constraint |α_2|≤ 10^-7 existing in the literature is critically discussed (Abridged).
doi:10.1142/s0218271814500060 fatcat:ndr2j3insfb2zdvxzdzlkkzcka