Gastric Adenocarcinoma of the Fundic Gland Type: Clinicopathological Features of Eight Patients Treated With Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection [post]

Chengfang Li, Xinglong Wu, Shuang Yang, Xiaorong Yang, Jin Yao, Hong Zheng
2020 unpublished
BACKGROUNDGastric adenocarcinoma of the fundic gland type (GA-FG) has been added to the 2019 edition of the World Health Organization's list of digestive system-associated cancers. This lesion differentiates toward the fundic gland and mostly involves chief cell-predominant differentiation with low-grade cytology. Clinicians and pathologists are still unaware of this rare disease; consequently, some cases are incorrectly diagnosed. This study aimed to investigate the clinicopathological
more » ... of GA-FG using retrospective analyses of endoscopic and pathological findings. CASE SUMMARYEight cases of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) were obtained from our institution. Patient age ranged from 4880 years (mean, 65 years). Some patients were on acid-suppressing medication. Most lesions were located in the upper third (n = 7) and one was in the middle third of the stomach. Six lesions were of the superficial flat type, while two were of the superficial elevated type. Narrow-band imaging using magnifying endoscopy showed irregular microvascular patterns (MVPs) in four cases and regular MVPs in the remaining cases. All lesions were primarily solitary and ~6 mm in diameter (largest, 12 mm). All tumors were localized in the mucosal layer with six cases of invasion into the submucosal layer. Well-formed glands of chief cells were predominant. Tumor cells were positive for pepsinogen-I, MUC6, SYN, and CD56. Lymphatic and vascular infiltration and metastatic and recurrent disease were not observed in any case.CONCLUSIONGA-FG, a well-differentiated adenocarcinoma with mild atypia, can be completely removed using ESD, with a favorable prognosis in patients.
doi:10.21203/ fatcat:wjufih75kbcuxlrvaxkmlrb2eu