Open source intelligence

Isabelle Böhm, Samuel Lolagar
2021 International Cybersecurity Law Review  
AbstractOpen Source Intelligence (OSINT) has gained importance in more fields of application than just in intelligence agencies. This paper provides an overview of the fundamental methods used to conduct OSINT investigations and presents different use cases where OSINT techniques are applied. Different models of the information cycle applied to OSINT are addressed. Additionally, the terms data, information, and intelligence are explained and correlated with the intelligence cycle. A
more » ... on system for entities during OSINT investigations is introduced. By presenting the capabilities of modern search engines, techniques for research within social networks and for penetration tests, the fundamental methods used for information gathering are explained. Furthermore, possible countermeasures to protect one's privacy against the misuse of openly available information as well as the legal environment in Germany, and the ethical perspective are discussed.
doi:10.1365/s43439-021-00042-7 fatcat:z2jwk7qo5fetzd44knfcyfhr7a