Toward a model of false recall: Experimental manipulation of encoding context and the collection of verbal reports

Kerri A. Goodwin, Christian A. Meissner, K. Anders Ericsson
2001 Memory & Cognition  
The likelihood of false recall in the Deese-Roediger-McDermott (DRM) paradigm was shown to depend on encoding context in two experiments. When fillers had been preselected to decrease the likelihood of encoding the critical lure's semantic features, false recall was virtually eliminated. However, when the same words were presented rearranged in different presentation orders, levels of false recall that were found in earlier DRM studies (Robinson & Roediger, 1997) were replicated. The role of
more » ... oding processes in the DRM paradigm was further explored with additional participants completing the experiment while thinking aloud. During encoding of word lists, participants verbalized semantic elaboration of the critical lure while studying the word lists. A path analysis demonstrated that participants' verbalization of critical lures during encoding reliably predicted their level of false recall.
doi:10.3758/bf03196410 pmid:11716054 fatcat:qb2o73ia4rakxfu3dsc22v5h6e