Analysis of the Effect of Rural Residents Serious Illness Medical Insurance on Relieving the Economic Burden of Rural Residents in China:A Case Study in Jinzhai County [post]

2020 unpublished
In 2003, China established a New Rural Cooperative Medical System(NRCMS) for rural residents, which had alleviated the burden of medical expenses of rural residents, but the reimbursement for high medical was insufficient. Therefore, China had gradually established a Serious Illness Insurance System (SIMIS) on the basis of NRCMS. After the payment of NRCMS, patients who met the requirements of SIMIS policy would be given a second payment to further alleviate the economic burden of patients with
more » ... en of patients with high medical expenses in rural areas. The purpose of this study is to analyze the effect of the implementation of SIMIS on alleviating the economic burden of rural residents in Jinzhai County. Methods Based on the inpatient reimbursement data of NRCMS in Jinzhai County, Anhui Province from 2013 to 2016. We adopt descriptive and regression discontinuity (RD) method to analyze the payment effect of SIMIS. The RD analysis object (n = 7353) was the patients whose annual serious illness expenses were between CNY 10,000 and CNY 30,000, and the descriptive analysis object (n = 2720) was the patients compensated by SIMIS. Results The results of RD showed that the actual medical insurance payment proportion (AMIPP) increased by about 2.5% (lwald = 0.025, P < 0.01), inside medical insurance self-payment proportion (IMSPP) increased by about 2% (lwald = 0.020, P < 0.10), outside medical insurance self-payment proportion (OMISPP) decreased by about 1.6% (lwald = -0.016, P < 0.05). The descriptive results showed that the serious illness patients mostly chose to go to hospital outside the county. The annual average number of hospitalizations was 3.64. The reimbursement mainly came from the NRCMS. The payment amount of SIMIS was relatively small, and the out of pocket medical expenses were still high. Conclusion The medical technology level of Jinzhai County could not meet the needs of seriously illness patients, the number of beneficiaries of SIMIS was small, and the ability to relieve the burden of medical
doi:10.21203/rs.2.21703/v1 fatcat:tw7ctmc7xzb3lfcqugrme4ygva