Application of U-Net with Global Convolution Network Module in Computer-Aided Tongue Diagnosis
Journal of Healthcare Engineering
The rapid development of intelligent manufacturing provides strong support for the intelligent medical service ecosystem. Researchers are committed to building Wise Information Technology of 120 (WIT 120) for residents and medical personnel with the concept of simple smart medical care and through core technologies such as Internet of Things, Big Data Analytics, Artificial Intelligence, and microservice framework, to improve patient safety, medical quality, clinical efficiency, and operational
... enefits. Among them, how to use computers and deep learning technology to assist in the diagnosis of tongue images and realize intelligent tongue diagnosis has become a major trend. Tongue crack is an important feature of tongue states. Not only does change of tongue crack states reflect objectively and accurately changed circumstances of some typical diseases and TCM syndrome but also semantic segmentation of fissured tongue can combine the other features of tongue states to further improve tongue diagnosis systems' identification accuracy. Although computer tongue diagnosis technology has made great progress, there are few studies on the fissured tongue, and most of them focus on the analysis of tongue coating and body. In this paper, we do systematic and in-depth researches and propose an improved U-Net network for image semantic segmentation of fissured tongue. By introducing the Global Convolution Network module into the encoder part of U-Net, it solves the problem that the encoder part is relatively simple and cannot extract relatively abstract high-level semantic features. Finally, the method is verified by experiments. The improved U-Net network has a better segmentation effect and higher segmentation accuracy for fissured tongue image dataset. It can be used to design a computer-aided tongue diagnosis system.