Degrees of Restriction for Two-Dimensional Automata [article]

Taylor J. Smith, Kai Salomaa
2021 arXiv   pre-print
A three-way (resp., two-way) two-dimensional automaton has a read-only input head that moves in three (resp., two) directions on a finite array of cells labelled by symbols of the input alphabet. Restricting the input head movement of a two-dimensional automaton results in a model that is weaker in terms of recognition power. In this paper, we introduce the notion of "degrees of restriction" for two-dimensional automata, and we develop sets of extended two-dimensional automaton models that
more » ... for some bounded number of restricted moves. We establish recognition hierarchies for both deterministic and nondeterministic extended three-way two-dimensional automata, and we find similar hierarchies for both deterministic and nondeterministic extended two-way two-dimensional automata. We also prove incomparability results between nondeterministic and deterministic extended three-way two-dimensional automata. Lastly, we consider closure properties for some operations on languages recognized by extended three-way two-dimensional automata.
arXiv:2105.01179v1 fatcat:3vkug4xxifgxpaqqhchdko7abm