Cold-source paradigm for steep-slope transistors based on van der Waals heterojunctions

D. Logoteta, J. Cao, M. Pala, P. Dollfus, Y. Lee, G. Iannaccone
2020 Physical Review Research  
The availability of transistors capable of operating at low supply voltage is essential to improve the key performance metric of computing circuits, i.e., the number of operations per unit energy. In this paper, we propose a device concept for energy-efficient, steep-slope transistors based on heterojunctions of two-dimensional (2D) materials. We show that by injecting electrons from an isolated and weakly dispersive band into a strongly dispersive one, subthermionic subthreshold swings can be
more » ... btained, as a result of a cold-source effect and of a reduced thermalization of carriers. This mechanism is implemented by integrating in a metal-oxide-semiconductor field-effect transistor (MOSFET) architecture two different monolayer materials coupled through a van der Waals heterojunction, combining the subthermionic behavior of tunnel field-effect transistors (FETs) with the robustness of a MOSFET architecture against performance-degrading factors, such as traps, band tails, and roughness. A further advantage with respect to tunnel FETs is that only an n-type or p-type doping is required to fabricate the device. In order to demonstrate the device concept and to discuss the underlying physics and the design options, we study through ab initio and full-quantum transport simulations a possible implementation that exploits two recently reported 2D materials.
doi:10.1103/physrevresearch.2.043286 fatcat:ljaezc3ksra2jpcfju5uxbd3le