Causal saliency effects during natural vision

Ran Carmi, Laurent Itti
2006 Proceedings of the 2006 symposium on Eye tracking research & applications - ETRA '06  
Salient stimuli, such as color or motion contrasts, attract human attention, thus providing a fast heuristic for focusing limited neural resources on behaviorally relevant sensory inputs. Here we address the following questions: What types of saliency attract attention and how do they compare to each other during natural vision? We asked human participants to inspect scene-shuffled video clips, tracked their instantaneous eye-position, and quantified how well a battery of computational saliency
more » ... models predicted overt attentional selections (saccades). Saliency effects were measured as a function of total viewing time, proximity to abrupt scene transitions (jump cuts), and inter-participant consistency. All saliency models predicted overall attentional selection well above chance, with dynamic models being equally predictive to each other, and up to 3.6 times more predictive than static models. The prediction accuracy of all dynamic models was twice higher than their average for saccades that were initiated immediately after jump cuts, and led to maximal inter-participant consistency. Static models showed mixed results in these circumstances, with some models having weaker prediction accuracy than their average. These results demonstrate that dynamic visual cues play a dominant causal role in attracting attention, while static visual cues correlate with attentional selection mostly due to top-down causes.
doi:10.1145/1117309.1117313 dblp:conf/etra/CarmiI06 fatcat:bukbrz7c6rdqpjctxci3s3dxki