Chemoinformatics-Driven Design of New Physical Solvents for Selective CO2 Absorption [component]

The removal of CO 2 from gases is an important industrial process in the transition to a lowcarbon economy. The use of selective physical (co-)solvents is especially perspective in cases when the amount of CO 2 is large as it enables one to lower the energy requirements for solvent regeneration. However, only a few physical solvents have found industrial application and the design of new ones can pave the way to more efficient gas treatment techniques. Experimental screening of gas solubility
more » ... a labor-intensive process, and solubility modeling is a viable strategy to reduce the number of solvents subject to experimental measurements. In this paper, a chemoinformatics-based modeling workflow was applied to build a predictive model for the solubility of CO 2 and four other industrially important gases (CO, CH 4 , H 2 , N 2 ). A dataset containing solubilities of gases in 280 solvents was collected from literature sources and supplemented with the new data for six solvents measured in the present study. A modeling workflow based on the usage of several state-of-the-art machine learning algorithms was applied to establish quantitative structure-solubility relationships. The best models were used to perform virtual screening of the industrially produced chemicals. It enabled the identification of compounds with high predicted CO 2 solubility and selectivity towards the other gases. The prediction for one of the compounds − 4-Methylmorpholine was confirmed experimentally. SYNOPSIS STATEMENT Developing better solvents for selective CO 2 capture is crucial for reaching net-zero emissions targets. 4
doi:10.1021/acs.est.1c04092.s001 fatcat:gcjyzkhxkvaqtg5w5bwwzkcp7m