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Metrology and microscopic picture of the integer quantum Hall effect
Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Since 1990, the integer quantum Hall effect has provided the electrical resistance standard, and there has been a firm belief that the measured quantum Hall resistances are described only by fundamental physical constants-the elementary charge e and the Planck constant h. The metrological application seems not to rely on detailed knowledge of the microscopic picture of the quantum Hall effect; however, technical guidelines are recommended to confirm the quality of the sample to confirm thedoi:10.1098/rsta.2011.0198 pmid:21930559 fatcat:ay5seu7vj5aovhcccw2k5h4nje