Kinetic Study of the Avocado Sunblotch Viroid Self-Cleavage Reaction Reveals Compensatory Effects between High-Pressure and High-Temperature: Implications for Origins of Life on Earth

Hussein Kaddour, Honorine Lucchi, Guy Hervé, Jacques Vergne, Marie-Christine Maurel
<span title="2021-07-28">2021</span> <i title="MDPI AG"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">Biology</a> </i> &nbsp;
A high pressure apparatus allowing one to study enzyme kinetics under pressure was used to study the self-cleavage activity of the avocado sunblotch viroid. The kinetics of this reaction were determined under pressure over a range up to 300 MPa (1–3000 bar). It appears that the initial rate of this reaction decreases when pressure increases, revealing a positive ΔV≠ of activation, which correlates with the domain closure accompanying the reaction and the decrease of the surface of the viroid
more &raquo; ... osed to the solvent. Although, as expected, temperature increases the rate of the reaction whose energy of activation was determined, it appeared that it does not significantly influence the ΔV≠ of activation and that pressure does not influence the energy of activation. These results provide information about the structural aspects or this self-cleavage reaction, which is involved in the process of maturation of this viroid. The behavior of ASBVd results from the involvement of the hammerhead ribozyme present at its catalytic domain, indeed a structural motif is very widespread in the ancient and current RNA world.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.3390/biology10080720</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:mou7hob2djfqnimxjqfwho6zfq</a> </span>
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