On the entropy of a spherical plasma shell
M Bordag, K Kirsten
Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical
Negative entropy was repeatedly observed in the Casimir effect caused by dissipation or geometry. However, it was restricted to subsystems. Recently the question about the entropy for a complete Casimir effect like configuration was raised. In the present paper we consider a spherical plasma shell which can be considered as a (crude) model for a giant carbon molecule (e.g., C_60). The entropy is free of ultraviolet divergences and its calculation does not need any regularization. We calculate
... e entropy numerically and demonstrate unambiguously the existence of a region where it takes negative values. This region is at small values of temperature and plasma frequency (in units of the radius).