Nonlinear observer for GNSS-aided inertial navigation with quaternion-based attitude estimation

Havard Fjaer Grip, Thor I. Fossen, Tor A. Johansen, Ali Saberi
2013 2013 American Control Conference  
For applications with limited computational capacity, observers designed based on nonlinear stability theory offer an alternative to computationally demanding extended Kalman filters. In this paper, we present a semiglobally stable nonlinear observer for estimating position, velocity, attitude, and gyro bias by combining a GNSS receiver with an inertial measurement unit including a magnetometer. Previous work by the authors on this topic was based on local navigation equations that ignored the
more » ... s that ignored the Earth's rotation and curvature. Moreover, the attitude was represented by an over-parameterized 9degrees-of-freedom matrix. The current paper improves on these aspects by using navigation equations that take the Earth's rotation and curvature into account, and by representing the attitude estimate as a unit quaternion. Furthermore, the observer is tested experimentally on data from a light fixedwing aircraft.
doi:10.1109/acc.2013.6579849 fatcat:schpdqeipzfj7ixznkpakurn74