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The problem of defining suitable lines in a public transportation system (bus, railway, tram, or underground) is an important real-world problem that has also been well researched in theory. Driven by applications, it often lacks a clear description, but is rather stated in an informal way. This leads to a variety of different published line planning models. In this paper, we introduce some of the basic line planning models, identify their characteristics, and review literature on models,doi:10.1007/s00291-011-0251-6 fatcat:52fe7j2rz5d2nis6cnax4b2xbe