Accuracy Evaluation of 3D Geometry from Low-Attitude UAV collections A case at Zijin Mine

Q. Wang, L. Wu, S. Chen, D. Shu, Z. Xu, F. Li, R. Wang
2014 The International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences  
This study investigates the usability of low-attitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) acquiring high resolution images for the geometry reconstruction of opencast mine. Image modelling techniques like Structure from Motion (SfM) and Patch-based Multiview Stereo (PMVS) algorithms are used to generate dense 3D point cloud from UAV collections. Then, precision of 3D point cloud will be first evaluated based on Real-time Kinematic (RTK) ground control points (GCPs) at point level. The experimental
more » ... ult shows that the mean square error of the UAV point cloud is 0.11 m. Digital surface model (DSM) of the study area is generated from UAV point cloud, and compared with that from the Terrestrial Laser Scanner (TLS) data for further comparison at the surface level. Discrepancy map of 3D distances based on DSMs shows that most deviation is less than ±0.4 m and the relative error of the volume is 1.55 %.
doi:10.5194/isprsarchives-xl-4-297-2014 fatcat:au45jgywdbf2dhvz3g7txuc2ou