Heterogeneous Map Merging: State of the Art

2019 Robotics  
Multi-robot mapping and environment modeling have several advantages that makeit an attractive alternative to the mapping with a single robot: faster exploration, higherfault tolerance, richer data due to different sensors being used by different systems. However,the environment modeling with several robotic systems operating in the same area causes problemsof higher-order—acquired knowledge fusion and synchronization over time, revealing the sameenvironment properties using different sensors
more » ... th different technical specifications. While theexisting robot map and environment model merging techniques allow merging certain homogeneousmaps, the possibility to use sensors of different physical nature and different mapping algorithms islimited. The resulting maps from robots with different specifications are heterogeneous, and eventhough some research on how to merge fundamentally different maps exists, it is limited to specificapplications. This research reviews the state of the art in homogeneous and heterogeneous mapmerging and illustrates the main research challenges in the area. Six factors are identified thatinfluence the outcome of map merging: (1) robotic platform hardware configurations, (2) maprepresentation types, (3) mapping algorithms, (4) shared information between robots, (5) relativepositioning information, (6) resulting global maps.
doi:10.3390/robotics8030074 fatcat:ihjxmwgozvfq7kizwm67u5xseq