Controlling vertical alignment of phthalocyanine nanofibers on transparent graphene-coated ITO electrodes for organic field emitters
Journal of Materials Chemistry
In this study, we developed a simple and efficient approach-using graphene coatings on ITO as transparent electrodes-for inducing the growth of 29H,31H-phthalocyanine (H 2 Pc) nanofiber arrays through a thermal evaporation process, with potential use in organic field emitters (FEs). By controlling the surface energy and temperature of the electrodes during evaporation, H 2 Pc molecules readily self-assemble, forming an out-of-plane morphology on reduced graphene oxide surfaces (rGO; surface
... s (rGO; surface energy: ca. 50 mJ m À2 ). The devices fabricated on rGO/indium tin oxide (FE-rGO) exhibited not only excellent FE performance but also outstanding anti-degradation capability during stability tests. This facile approach toward rGO coatings opens a new avenue for the transformation of small organic molecule films into vertically standing nanostructures on transparent electrodes, with various organic electronics applications.