Assessment of the Water Quality of Buhisan, Bulacao and Lahug Rivers, Cebu, Philippines Using Fecal and Total Coliform as Indicators

Eukene Bensig, Mary flores, Fleurdeliz Maglangit
2014 Current World Environment  
This study was conducted to evaluate and compare the water quality of Buhisan, Bulacao and Lahug rivers in Cebu, Philippines using coliforms as indicators. Monthly sampling started from November 2011 to April 2012 in the upstream, midstream and downstream stations. The multiple tube fermentation technique was used for the analysis of coliforms. High total and fecal coliform counts were observed in the three rivers from February to April, but the difference in values across time was not
more » ... nt. Fecal coliform counts of Buhisan and Bulacao rivers differed significantly across sampling stations. This was most likely due to the low fecal coliform (FC) values in the upstream compared with the midstream and downstream. The generally high FC and TC levels throughout the sampling period confirmed the presence of fecal pollution in the rivers. Organic pollution and the presence of coliforms could be related to the accumulation of wastewater due to high impact human activities across the river networks. It is therefore recommended to conduct an inventory and monitor non-point sources of water pollution, establish wastewater treatment measures and enforce policies for river protection.
doi:10.12944/cwe.9.3.03 fatcat:5xbub3gljrf5jg53tpuyzwoggi