Indoor navigation on wheels (and on foot) using smartphones

Jo Agila Bitsch Link, Felix Gerdsmeier, Paul Smith, Klaus Wehrle
<span title="">2012</span> <i title="IEEE"> <a target="_blank" rel="noopener" href="" style="color: black;">2012 International Conference on Indoor Positioning and Indoor Navigation (IPIN)</a> </i> &nbsp;
While indoor navigation in unfamiliar surroundings is challenging for pedestrians, it is even more so for persons bound to a wheelchair. Additionally, the necessary Wi-Fi infrastructure for fine grained RF fingerprinting-based indoor positioning is often unavailable. We propose a system completely self-contained within current smartphones, that allows people, wheelchair bound and others, to find their way in a building. Building on top of our previous work, where we designed and implemented a
more &raquo; ... stem based on step detection and path matching, we extend the system for use on wheelchairs, where a smartphone-based step detection mechanism is impossible. We detect user speed by analyzing the optical flow encoded in the motion vectors of a live H.263 video stream recorded from the smartphone's video camera. As the phone makes use of specialized hardware for motion estimation, we show that this process happens in real time and is very efficient. While previously we only guided the user along a single path, we now extend this for the case when a user departs from the initial route, either voluntarily or because she is lost. For this, we follow several candidate paths, where we model each distinct position as a state and vary the transition between these states based on the current bearing of the user. Combining these approaches, we show the potential of smartphone-based indoor navigation, resulting in an average error (ALE) of less than 3 m, independent of the length of the overall path and without the need for additional infrastructure.
<span class="external-identifiers"> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener noreferrer" href="">doi:10.1109/ipin.2012.6418931</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">dblp:conf/ipin/LinkGSW12</a> <a target="_blank" rel="external noopener" href="">fatcat:gokb7tdmb5fizhet5cotkpzapu</a> </span>
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