Graph Neural Networks in TensorFlow and Keras with Spektral [Application Notes]

Daniele Grattarola, Cesare Alippi
2021 IEEE Computational Intelligence Magazine  
G raph neural networks have enabled the application of deep learning to problems that can be described by graphs, which are found throughout the different fields of science, from physics to biology, natural language processing, telecommunications or medicine. In this paper we present Spektral, an open-source Python library for building graph neural networks with TensorFlow and the Keras application programming interface. Spektral implements a large set of methods for deep learning on graphs,
more » ... rning on graphs, including message-passing and pooling operators, as well as utilities for processing graphs and loading popular benchmark datasets. The purpose of this library is to provide the essential building blocks for creating graph neural networks, focusing on the guiding principles of user-friendliness and quick prototyping on which Keras is based. Spektral is, therefore, suitable for absolute beginners and expert deep learning practitioners alike. In this work, we present an overview of Spektral's features and report the performance of the methods implemented by the library in scenarios of node classification, graph classification, and graph regression.
doi:10.1109/mci.2020.3039072 fatcat:nyqgcakqazgatb3mporf5koyfm