Analytical methods and performance of the immunoassay methods for determination of vitamin d in comparison to mass spectrometry / Analitičke metode i izvođenje imunometrijskih određivanja vitamina d u poređenju sa masenom spektrometrijom

Nikolina Babić
2012 Journal of Medical Biochemistry  
Demand for vitamin D testing has been on a constant rise worldwide, partially due to mounting evidence linking vitamin D status to overall health and well-being. Currently available assays measure 25-hydroxy vitamin D (25-OHD), a major circulating form of vitamin D. Available methodologies include immunoassays and mass spectrometry based methods (LC-MS/MS). Until recently, the only immunoassays available for diagnostic use in the US have been DiaSorin radioimmunoassay (RIA) and an automated
more » ... noassay on a LIAISON® platform. Within the last year, Siemens and Abbott successfully launched immuno - assays for determination of total vitamin D on their respective automated platforms, Centaur® and ARCHITECT®. Development of robust and precise Vitamin D immunoassays has historically been plagued with difficulty. One of the major challenges is development of specific antibodies against such a small antigen. Vitamin D is also highly hy - drophobic molecule predominantly bound to vitamin D binding protein (DBP). It is likely, therefore, that immuno - assays might be affected to varying extent by the DBP concentration. Adoption of LC-MS/MS into clinical laboratories has enabled development of accurate and almost fully automated methods that could handle increasing volume demands, especially in large volume reference laboratories. Smaller to mid-size hospital laboratories as well as physician offices have neither funds nor technical expertise to implement LC-MS/MS based testing. Our laboratory at the University of Chicago Medical Center has also seen in - crease in vitamin D volume and currently performs close to 20,000 25-OHD assays per year. We have recently deve - loped an LC-MS/MS method for quantitation of 25-OHD2 (obtained from plant sources) and 25-OHD3 (endogenous and animal sources). Prior to acquisition of LC-MS/MS instrument, we performed 25-OHD analysis by RIA. Du - ring the transition period, we encountered several challenges, including the necessity to streamline sample preparation as well as the bias introduced by calibration dif ferences. We chose to match our LC-MS/MS method to the RIA method in order to make this transition transparent to the clinician. Most immunoassays available today are acceptable for clinical use and might be method of choice for smaller laboratories. Larger clinical laboratories and aca demic institutions that possess technical expertise, particularly the ones with large pediatric population where assay sensitivity and specificity may be important, might find LC-MS/MS methodology a more suitable choice.
doi:10.2478/v10011-012-0022-1 fatcat:44ru2soblfdmrjuf6gewzaxll4